What is Electricity?

Electricity is a form of energy that is generated from natural sources such as the sun, wind, and water. It is used to power our homes and businesses, and to provide us with light, heat, and communication. In this article, we will explore the basics of electricity and how it works to power our lives.

How Does Electricity Work?

Electricity is created when atoms of certain elements, such as copper, are made to move. This movement is known as an electrical current. The current moves through a conductor, such as a wire, and can then be used to power devices and appliances.

Types of Electricity

There are two main types of electricity: alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC). AC is the most common type of electricity used in homes and businesses, and is generated by power plants. DC electricity is used for smaller devices, such as batteries and electronics.

Uses of Electricity

Electricity is used to power many of the devices and appliances we use every day. It is used to heat our homes, to cook our food, to power our computers and TVs, and to light up our homes. It is also used to power medical equipment, and to run factories and businesses.

Safety of Electricity

Electricity is a powerful force, and it is important to take safety precautions when working with it. Before attempting any electrical work, it is important to make sure the power is turned off and all safety measures are taken. It is also important to make sure any electrical equipment is properly maintained and checked regularly.


Electricity is a vital part of our lives, and it is important to understand how it works and how to stay safe when working with it. By understanding the basics of electricity, we can ensure that our homes and businesses are powered safely and efficiently. To learn more about electricity, visit the Energy.gov website.